Website Design, View HTML · View PDF. Chapter Internet Commerce, View HTML · View PDF. Chapter Basic Issues in Web Security, View HTML · View. Expert review: Kevin Furlong. Main title: tailamephyli.ml – project of computer e- education with open access – Handbook for. Digital Literacy. Subtitle: Web Design. Notes on writing HTML for web design. AuthorPremasagar. Date_created First_published IdentifierHTML_Web_Design_Notes.
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email conversation, which began two years ago, about elevating web design Code examples, notes, and asides will connecting to PDF documents, You can The designer of the web page has made these decisions about its layout : • The Page Title A web page needs a title. tailamephyli.ml For must users the best option is to use a web design package. Web Site Design and Development (CS) Lecture Notes. Class 1: Introduction to the Internet [PPT slides]; Class 2: Creating a Basic Web Page [PPT slides].
Alignment Alignment describes the position at which text appears on a line on the page. On a web page, text can be aligned to the left, center or right of the page. Font Colour The colour of text can be specified. Most web pages make use of lots of colour because they are displayed on monitors which can easily show colour. If it is likely that your page will be printed out then you should check how the colours you have chosen look on a black and white printout as some colours do not show up very well.
Graphics Web design packages do not usually include a facility to let you create images. Instead you must obtain an image from another piece of software and bring this into the web design package. This is known as importing. The three most likely sources of images are: Images take up a lot more storage space than text does. When a person looks at a web page the files that make up the page must be transferred over the Internet to his computer.
If a web page contains an image it will take a lot longer to access than a text only page. To speed up page loading, images on a web page must be stored in one of two special formats.
Both formats compress the image data so that it can be loaded more quickly. A GIF file is a compressed graphics file. GIF files store information about sequences of pixels.
GIF files are often used for banners and icons. JPEG files can store an image in a very small space. However some detail can be lost from an image when it 6. For this reason photographs are usually stored as image files but icons and banners can not be stored in this format.
Images in other formats such as bitmaps must be converted to one of these formats before they are put on a web page. A web design package will probably do this automatically. Hyperlinks A hyperlink is a connection between two web pages. If you select a hyperlink on a page then you will be taken to the page that the hyperlink joins to.
Hyperlinks can be represented as either text or a small image known as an icon. Clicking on the Manchester hyperlink on the main North West page would take you to the page about Manchester.
Clicking on the cotton hyperlink would tke you to the page about cotton. Most web browsers display links that you have visited in a different colour to links that you have not visited. Unvisited links are normally blue. To create a hyperlink on a web page you normally type the text that you want the user to click on or import the image for the icon.
Then you select the text or icon and identify which page the link goes to. Sometimes when you click on a hyperlink it does not work because the page that it should link to does not exist. Most web design packages will automatically test the web site that you create to make sure that all of the links work. Hot Spots A hot spot is an area of an image which acts as a hyperlink. When a person clicks on a hot spot a hyperlink is followed to another page.
The person viewing the web page can not see where the hot spots are but when the mouse pointer moves over a hot spot it will change shape. This image of a computer could be used on a web site about computers.
It contains five hot spots but they are invisible. This is the same image but with the hot spots highlighted in colour. They would not normally be visible. If the user clicked on the image over the light blue hot spot he would be taken to a page about monitors.
Clicking over the yellow hot spot would take the user to a page about keyboards. Hot spots are either rectangular or elliptical in shape. To create a hot spot on an image you simply need to select the area that the hot spot should cover and then specify what page should be loaded when the mouse is clicked in this area.
You can create any number of hot spots on an image but they should not overlap with each other. Tables Tables can be used to set data out neatly like this: The height of each cell will automatically adjust so that the information that you type into it will fit. It is also possible to merge adjacent cells in a table together to form merged cells which cover more than one row or column.
When you create a web page you can not simply position text and pictures wherever you want on the page as you could with a desktop publisher. If you want to create complicated page layouts with multiple columns of text then you can use tables to achieve this effect. Suppose that you wanted to create a page like this: This can be achieved by creating a table and merging the cells in the table together to form the shapes required for the different sections of the page.
The information that is to appear on the page can be typed into the cells of the table. You can place any type of information, including pictures and other tables in a cell. Frames Frames are used to create web pages where one section of the page can be changed independently of another section. This is often done when web sites have a navigation panel at the side or bottom of the page.
The panel contains icons which can be used to switch between the pages on the site. Selecting one of the icons will change the page that is displayed on the main part of the screen, but the navigation panel will remain the same. Each frame is identified by a name. When a hyperlink is created the web designer can specify which of the frames to load the link page into when it is selected.
Forms A form is used to obtain feedback from the people who use a website. Forms can be used to gather people's opinions about a site or to gather information that a company or organisation might want. Forms can be built up from several different types of controls. Some of the most important ones are shown in this table. A short text entry box lets the user type in Short information.
The web designer can specify What is your surname?
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Text the maximum number of characters that can Entry be typed. Long A long text entry box lets the user type in Please enter your comments Text information.
The text input area can be on this site: Entry scrolled to allow a lot of text to be entered. Radio buttons let the user select one or more Are you male or female?
Radio options from a list. The web designer Button chooses how many options can be picked at Male once. Most browsers recognize a specific number of safe fonts, which designers mainly use in order to avoid complications. Font downloading was later included in the CSS3 fonts module and has since been implemented in Safari 3.
This has subsequently increased interest in web typography , as well as the usage of font downloading. Most site layouts incorporate negative space to break the text up into paragraphs and also avoid center-aligned text. The choice of whether or not to use motion graphics may depend on the target market for the website. Motion graphics may be expected or at least better received with an entertainment-oriented website.
However, a website target audience with a more serious or formal interest such as business, community, or government might find animations unnecessary and distracting if only for entertainment or decoration purposes. This doesn't mean that more serious content couldn't be enhanced with animated or video presentations that is relevant to the content. In either case, motion graphic design may make the difference between more effective visuals or distracting visuals.
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Motion graphics that are not initiated by the site visitor can produce accessibility issues. The World Wide Web consortium accessibility standards require that site visitors be able to disable the animations. This is usually done via a description specifying what the element is doing.
Failure to conform to standards may not make a website unusable or error prone, but standards can relate to the correct layout of pages for readability as well making sure coded elements are closed appropriately. This includes errors in code, more organized layout for code, and making sure IDs and classes are identified properly.
Poorly-coded pages are sometimes colloquially called tag soup. The system identifies the errors and areas that do not conform to web design standards. This information can then be corrected by the user. Static websites Main article: Static web page A static website stores a unique file for every page of a static website. Each time that page is requested, the same content is returned.
This content is created once, during the design of the website.
It is usually manually authored, although some sites use an automated creation process, similar to a dynamic website, whose results are stored long-term as completed pages. These automatically-created static sites became more popular around , with generators such as Jekyll and Adobe Muse.
This required less server administration and had less chance of exposing security holes. They could also serve pages more quickly, on low-cost server hardware. These advantage became less important as cheap web hosting expanded to also offer dynamic features, and virtual servers offered high performance for short intervals at low cost.
Almost all websites have some static content, as supporting assets such as images and style sheets are usually static, even on a website with highly dynamic pages. Dynamic websites Main article: Dynamic web page Dynamic websites are generated on the fly and use server-side technology to generate webpages.
They typically extract their content from one or more back-end databases: some are database queries across a relational database to query a catalogue or to summarise numeric information, others may use a document database such as MongoDB or NoSQL to store larger units of content, such as blog posts or wiki articles.
In the design process, dynamic pages are often mocked-up or wireframed using static pages. The skillset needed to develop dynamic web pages is much broader than for a static pages, involving server-side and database coding as well as client-side interface design. Even medium-sized dynamic projects are thus almost always a team effort. Some of these, notably PHP and ASP, used a 'template' approach where a server-side page resembled the structure of the completed client-side page and data was inserted into places defined by 'tags'.
This was a quicker means of development than coding in a purely procedural coding language such as Perl. Both of these approaches have now been supplanted for many websites by higher-level application-focused tools such as content management systems. These build on top of general purpose coding platforms and assume that a website exists to offer content according to one of several well recognised models, such as a time-sequenced blog , a thematic magazine or news site, a wiki or a user forum.
These tools make the implementation of such a site very easy, and a purely organisational and design-based task, without requiring any coding. Editing the content itself as well as the template page can be done both by means of the site itself, and with the use of third-party software.
Advanced Control Systems 1. Advanced Data Analysis 2.
Advanced Operating Systems 2. Aeronautical Engineering 1. Algorithms and Programming Analog Communication 1. Antennas and Radiowave Propagation 1.
Applications of Computer Sciences 8.
Architecture 1. Artificial Intelligence 7. Assembly Language Programming 3. Bioinformatics 5. Business Informatics 1.
Business Management and Analysis 1. C programming Chemistry 1. Compiler Construction 3. Compiler Design 2. Compilers 1. Complexity Theory 1. Computational Methods 1. Computer Applications Computer Architecture and Organization Computer Communication Systems 1. Computer Engineering and Programming Computer Fundamentals 8. Computer Graphics Computer Graphics and Animation 4.
Computer Integrated Manufacturing 3. Computer Networks Computer Numerical Control 5. Computer Programming Computer Science Computer Security Computer System Design and Architecture 7. Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications 9.
Computer Vision Computer-Aided Power System Analysis 2. Computers and Information technologies Convex Optimization 5. Cryptography and System Security 5.
Cybercrime, Cybersecurity and Data Privacy 2. Data Communication Systems and Computer Networks Data Compression 1.
Data Mining Data Structures and Algorithms Data Warehousing Database Programming Deductive Database Systems 1. Design and Analysis of Algorithms Design history 1. Design Patterns 3. Digital Electronics 2. Digital Image Processing 6. Digital Logic Design and Programming 3. Digital Signal Processing 7. Digital Systems Design 8.
Discrete Mathematics Distributed Database Management Systems 2.Microcontrollers Digital Image Processing 6. Font Style Each font can have a range of extra styles applied to it. Particularly in smaller organizations, one person will need the necessary skills for designing and programming the full web page, while larger organizations may have a web designer responsible for the visual aspect alone.
Dynamic websites Main article: Dynamic web page Dynamic websites are generated on the fly and use server-side technology to generate webpages. The most popular fixed-width websites generally have the same set width to match the current most popular browser window, at the current most popular screen resolution, on the current most popular monitor size.
See also. Whitespace It is also called as negative space and refers to any area of page that is not covered by type or illustrations.